Antibiotics are also called antibacterial drugs that kill or slow the growth of bacteria. These include a variety of powerful medications and are used to treat bacterial infections. Antibiotics cannot cure viral infections, such as colds, flu, and most coughs.
Before bacteria can multiply and develop symptoms, the immune system can usually kill them. White blood cells (WBCs) attack harmful bacteria, and although it is symptomatic, the immune system can usually fight the infection. Sometimes, however, the number of harmful bacteria is too high and the immune system cannot fight all of them. Antibiotics are useful in this context. The first antibiotic was penicillin. There are many types of modern antibiotics available, and they are generally only available by prescription in most countries.
Side effects of antibiotics
Antibiotics usually cause the following side effects:
With some antibiotics or long-term use, fungal infections of the mouth, digestive tract, and vagina.
Less common side effects of antibiotics include:
Take sulfonamides when kidney stones form.
Abnormal blood clotting when taking some cephalosporins)
Sensitivity to sunlight when taking tetracycline.
Blood disorders when taking trimethoprim.
Deafness when taking erythromycin and aminoglycosides
Some people, especially older adults, may experience inflammation of the intestines, which can lead to severe bloody diarrhea. In less common cases, penicillin, cephalosporins, and erythromycin can also cause inflammatory bowel disease.